Belvedere Palace And Other Landmarks In Vienna
Belvedere Palace is a Baroque complex built by Prince Eugene of Savoy.
It is located southeast of the center of Vienna. The palace consists of two parts - Upper and Lower Belvedere. Both parts were built by Johann Lukas von Hildebrandt - one of the most important Austrian architects, creating a Baroque style. Lower Belvedere was created with the idea of being a suburban entertainment villa. Its construction began in 1714 and was completed in 1716. There are also greenhouses and a picturesque Belvedere gallery where can be seen paintings by Gustav Klimt and Egon Schiele. Here also worked the Venetian sculptor Giovanni Stanetti, who was summoned especially by Prince Eugene of Savoy.
The gardens of Belvedere Palace are exceptionally beautiful, and the water pool found in them is popular with the legends that nymphs and goddesses swimming there.
Upper Belvedere is the perfect finish of the gardens. It was built between 1720 and 1723 and the Prince used it as the main summer residence. The exceptional drawings of the ceilings were made by the Italian Carlo Innocenzo Carlone, while the altar in the chapel was made by Francesco Solimena.
St. Stephen's Cathedral
Saint Stephen or Stephansdom is a truly impressive Gothic cathedral built in 1147 as a parish church. It was mentioned for the first time in a document in 1221.
Cathedral of St. Stefan is a symbol of the city. In the 14th century Albrecht I of the Habsburg dynasty ordered the complete reconstruction of the church and from Romanesque style, it was rebuilt in the Gothic style.
The southern tower, which Viennese people call Steffy, was completed in 1433 and is 136 meters high. From the top of the tower, there is an exceptional view of the whole of Vienna.
Albertina is a museum in Vienna, which houses one of the oldest and largest halls dedicated to graphic art.
There are nearly 65 000 drawings, more than a million graphics, and quite modern graphics, photographs, and architectural sketches.
Besides these collections, there are two really significant collections of famous artists such as Picasso, Monet, Cézan, Renoir and others. There are also temporary exhibitions in Alberta.
Schloss Schönbrunn was the summer residence of the Habsburgs. There is the oldest in the world and the only baroque zoo and one of the few places in the world where you can see giant pandas. Interesting and is the house of the tropical forest.
The name of the palace comes from a water well that was used by the Imperial family in Vienna. It was built between 1696 and 1712 on the orders of Emperor Leopold I, later Maria Theresa transformed the palace in Rococo-style with 1441 rooms. If you decide to visit the palace, spend at least a day.
Museum of Natural History
The Natural History Museum is one of the most important museums in the world. Over the years, the number of exhibits has risen steadily to date, when over 20 million displays of great historical significance have been exhibited.
Here you will see, for example, the 25 000-year-old Venus of Willendorf or a dinosaur skeleton, or fossils of existing animals and plants 200 million years ago. The museum is housed in an exquisite 8 700-square-meter palace, opened in 1891, along with the Museum of Fine Arts.
Imperial Palace of Hofburg
The Hofburg Imperial Palace has been the roof of many and truly influential people, such as the Habsburgs and rulers of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. Today it is the official residence of the President of Austria.
Over the centuries, Hofburg has grown quite a lot, and nowadays it is home to many different residences - the Hofkapel Chapel, the Natural History Museum and the Museum of Fine Arts, the Treasury, the National Theater, the Riding School and Stable. Hofburg is the work of many architects involved in completing this incredible creation.
Museum of Fine Arts
The Museum of Fine Arts is located in an opulent building crowned with a quadrangular dome on the top. It is one of the first museums of fine and decorative art in the world. It was completed in 1891 along with the Natural Science Museum across the street.
The interior is pretty richly decorated with marble, golden leaves, and paintings of famous artists.
The collections in the museum belong to the Habsburgs. Here you can see works by Raffaello, Velazquez, Rubens, Michelangelo and many others.
The Prater - the most famous Ferris Wheel
The Prater is an amusement park with the Viennese giant Ferris wheel located in the public park in Vienna.
In it, you can find various amusement trains and other entertainment headed by the legendary Giant Ferris wheel, one of the symbols of the Austrian capital. The Amusement Park runs from March to October, but the Ferris wheel and several other attractions are open all year round. The Prater's talisman is a 9-meter statue of Chinese, located near the Vienna wheel - Riesenrad.
The Austrian Parliament Building is one of the sights in Vienna that you should not miss.
It was built between 1874 and 1883 and has an area of more than 13 500 square meters. The building was built by the architect Baron Theophil von Hansen. Very important for him was the harmony and the conformity of all elements. The interior decoration is also his work, ranging from statues, paintings, and furnishings to chandeliers.
One of the most popular parts of the Parliament is the statue and fountain of Athens - a famous tourist attraction. Today, the Austrian National Parliament houses the headquarters of the National and the Federal Council. It also includes boardrooms, libraries, cubicles, eating places, and more. Here are the ceremonies for the inauguration of the President of Austria, as well as the speech of their national holiday - 26 October.
Vienna Opera House
The Vienna Opera is located in the center of Vienna.
It was built between 1861 and 1869 in neoclassical style and was the first opera in Vienna. On both sides of the opera, there are fountains, which are the work of Josef Gasser. The left fountain recreates music, dance and joy, and the right - love, grief, and vengeance.
There is also a museum in the opera house where you can go back in time. Here are stored various photos, stage interiors, programs and interesting documents related to the 140-year history of the building. You can also sign up for a guided tour and look behind the scenes of the opera.
The Vienna Opera House is one of the world's finest opera houses, with about 300 performances each year.
Vienna City Hall
The City Hall is the seat of the mayor and the city council in Vienna, as well as one of the most impressive buildings in the Austrian capital.
It was built in Gothic style between 1872 and 1883 by Friedrich von Schmidt.
At the top of the tower of the City Hall is Rathausmann - the guardian of the building, one of the symbols of the city.
The historic Wiener Rathauskeller, a traditional Baroque restaurant, serves traditional Viennese specialties.
The Hundertwasserhaus is very interesting, with a broken facade in different colors. The case is the Austrian artist, sculptor, and architect Friedensreich Hundertwasser. It is located on a small street and there are almost always there many people who are impatiently taking pictures of her.
The building is owned by the municipality and is rented as any other municipal building. About 200 people live in the strange building, which is a real mosaic of columns, colors, shapes and greenery coming out of the most unexpected places.
You can not go inside.
Near the house in the direction of the canal on the left is a city toilet, which is again made by Hundertwasser - it is free and is really worth visiting. To get to it, you go through a souvenir shop.
A few minutes' walks away is another popular building of Hundertwasser - Kunst Haus Wien, where you will find it difficult to find straight lines in the design.